Geographic Information Systems (GIS) are designed to collect and analyze spatial or geographic data. These systems allow businesses to utilize technology to make strategic decisions based on the data gathered by GIS. Here are some of the top industries currently using GIS technology:
Water Utility Companies
Water utility companies use GIS to view and analyze their assets that lie beneath the surface. Through the use of GIS, they can locate and identify pipes or valves that need maintenance, a feat that is made substantially easier by GIS. They also use GIS to plot their customers and track their water usage, allowing them to service an extensive area more efficiently.
Determining the price of insurance for a customer involves the amount of risk involved for the insurance company. One of the most significant indicators of risk is location, as certain regions are more prone to things like natural disasters or crime. Insurance companies use GIS to collect historical records, demographics, and local geography to determine the amount of risk involved.
Supply Chain Management
Delivering product from one place to another involves a great deal of planning and tracking to make the process as efficient as possible. Supply chain professionals rely on GIS to help ensure that things like fresh produce are delivered in good quality via the most efficient route.
Forestry and Timber
The forestry industry uses GIS to map out the weather of specific regions to help re-establish plant species in land plots where they will thrive. It also uses GIS to help preserve ecosystems by recording information on the species in an area and the change of populations over time.
City planners use GIS technology to account for the impact their work has on the animal and plant life in their city. They use spatial information to decide where to best introduce alternative energy resources like a solar or wind farm to a city.
Health And Human Services
Public health uses GIS to analyze trends in disease, identifying high-risk areas or common origin points of infection. This information allows them to properly direct prevention efforts to best treat and contain illness within communities.
Banks use GIS to determine which branches to close and where to open new ones based on factors like potential customer base and local crime rates.